It seems a logical extension of the advice on long-term planning of the curriculum to offer you some models of what it might look like. As you know, the devil is in the detail. You won’t see vast differences from a model produced say 20 years ago, but there should be a few significant improvements:
- Your choice of famous /significant people should be linked within a theme. Take communication for example: we have units on Caxton and Bell and Louis Braille which are part of a broader communications theme.
- In terms of diversity we need to look at women other than Florence Nightingale and Mary Seacole. For this reason we have added Mary Anning, and Amy Johnson.
- You will want to look more closely at BAME issues. Here your choice of significant person will be crucial.
- As part of preparation for deep dive inspection, you will want to make sure that you are teaching important historical skills and concepts and not just telling stories about the past, however interesting. . This may be particularly true of the famous people. If they don’t fit, don’t force them. Even with the requirement to link the famous people by theme e.g. flight it still may be necessary to treat the historical elements of a topic separately from the Maths and Science elements.
There’s nothing wrong in ending the main topic a week early and then having an intensive burst of history linked closely to literacy.
To help you with your thinking about the best way of incorporating history into your new topics, I have presented you with 6 models.
They are not meant to have any particular status other than to provoke debate. You will probably find yourself liking parts of some models, and none of others. This may have the effect of strengthening your belief in what you are currently planning – which is great. If it does nothing else, this section should encourage you to firm up your rationale for your curriculum choices.
Beads on a necklace: a few words about cross-curricular planning
When planning for history within a broad cross-curricular topic, you are well advised to consider the following key points:
Key point 1
Try to think of your topic as a thread which holds all subjects together like beads on a necklace. Some beads (ie. subject contributions) will be bigger than others. What matters is how they are threaded to ensure that they are logically sequenced for the children. If I was planning a Going to the Seaside topic I might start with geography then move to the history, then drama etc. Try to think about the most logical learning journey for the children not just a brainstorm spider’s web, which I know few of you still use.
Key point 2
Try not to overload the topic with too many subjects, many of which are linked only tenuously. If a subject doesn’t link in a way that helps clarify things for the pupils, leave it out. The children should be applying what they learn in different curriculum areas. If the link is in the teachers’ minds only and not in the children’s it doesn’t matter what fancy title we give it.
Key point 3
Don’t see history’s links entirely in the form of content, however tempting this may be? Think also what is offered in terms of skills and conceptual development, both subject specific and more broadly in terms of thinking skills and problem-solving. Think also about the ways children learn.
Key point 4
ALWAYS plan your history with your contribution to literacy firmly in your mind, in terms of both speaking and listening and writing.
Key point 5
Try to safeguard progression. I think this is likely to be the first casualty of integration. Unless we are careful we will see the curriculum links in terms of content only to find that the chosen topic does not really lend itself to taking children’s historical understanding further. See the progression section of the site for detailed breakdown of progression by strand in KS1.
For a lively example of how subjects might be linked in terms of Man’s First Moon Landing topic, you might enjoy looking at the PowerPoint presentation in the resources section.
Where are schools now?
Not all schools have embraced a fully cross-curricular approach yet, and examples of really best practice that do justice to history are hard to come by. What I show below is a range of different ways of organising history on the curriculum. A quick glance at each will show the way the curriculum is moving.
You will find a symbol next to each topic which represents the length of time given over to the history within that topic. Below each model there is my commentary.
What the symbols mean?
A star means light coverage, interesting because it relates to the past (e.g. a story) but no attempt to deepen historical understanding
A long thin vertical rectangle indicates a topic of very limited duration e.g. an anniversary such as Poppy Day. History work confined to a couple of sessions over the few days the short topic runs for. Probably linked to assembly in some way.
A long thin horizontal rectangle indicates a history-led topic taught for at least half a term, with some recognisable history each week, but taught in small time slots not intensively.
A square block indicates a more intensive history-led topic where pupils are immersed in a period of the past.
A coloured segment in a circle shows a cross-curricular approach with the coloured segment showing the proportion of time devoted to history.
Some will necessarily be short and sweet, such as work on famous anniversaries. Others will show history as part of a long very integrated study. A third option might be a history-led topic linked to literacy where history is the dominant force and has the lion’s share of the time.
Model 3 Closely following the old QCA units (not recommended!!)