In this problem-solving activity, pupils have to speculate, using a stimulus image and then evaluate a range of given reasons based on their plausibility, placing them on a spectrum. To demonstrate their understanding pupils complete 3 speech bubbles giving the most important reasons coming from the mouths of members of the investigating commission enquiry looking into the disaster.

Step 1

Pupils work in pairs, drawing on their prior knowledge to come up with three plausible reasons as to why there were relatively few survivors, given that it was a new ship.  They may come up with the idea of too few lifeboats/lifejackets or they couldn’t be rescued in time.

Step 2

Expand their thinking by giving them some stimulus images, using PowerPoint slide 2, that they have seen before to prompt more ideas e.g. it was at night, the sea was freezing, it was difficult getting people into the lifeboats

Step 3

Now is the right time to gather all the ideas pupils have raised on the Interactive White Board prior to introducing a few more.  Rather than simply giving pupils ideas to remember, the spectrum activity requires them to think about which reasons are the most plausible.  This might

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