Crime and punishment – KQ5 – Why did so much change happen in crime and punishment the 19th century?

Great range of activities including:

generating enquiry questions about increase in crime from a line graph; explanation builder to work out why; looking at individual punishments on a harshness spectrum and drawing on a range of sources to create an imaginative reconstruction of prison life.

Learning objectives

  • Pupils grasp that the greatest change in punishments at this time was prisons
  • Pupils can use information about crime rate from a line graph to raise enquiry questions for themselves
  • Pupils can explain why there was such as growth in crime during this period.
  • They understand that this was great period of growth in prisons: 90 new ones in first 40 years Victoria’s reign
  • They can also explain why this period saw the start and growth of the Police force

Smart task 1

Step 1

Introduce the idea that crime rate increased dramatically at this time, by using the slow reveal of the line graph animated for you on slides 2 and 3 of the PowerPoint presentation. Using slide 4, pupils work in pairs to generate questions about crime rate trends from 1750-1900 e.g. the obvious, Why does the crime rate rise so steeply after 1815?  Why does it go down after 1850?

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