12 things you need to know about the Mayan civilization before you teach it at KS2

1.In the year 1000 settlements like Chichen Itza were among the largest settlements anywhere in the world. Tikal was thought to have a population as large as 60,000.

2. Chichen Itza is probably the best preserved on any city in the world from this time.

3. At around AD700 the total population may have reached as high as 10-15 million according to estimates in 2018.

4. The main attraction at Chichen Itza is the Castillo a stepped pyramid standing 30 metres tall with perfectly balanced staircases on its four sides.

5. On March 21 and September 21st each year at 3pm the sun’s rays create a pattern of shadows that form the image of a serpent on the north face of the pyramid. Over the course of an hour the serpent’s body stretches to meet its stone head at the bottom of the stairs

6. There is a magnificent ball court where two team played a game in which players bounced a rubber ball on their hips, elbows and knees. The object was to get the ball through the stone rings on either side of the court.

7.The 8” balls were made by gathering latex from rubber trees, something

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